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Hurricane Florence is heading toward the East Coast of the US with 140 mph winds.

The storm, which reached Category 4 status on Monday, is expected to hit the Carolinas on Thursday or Friday.

The Atlantic Ocean has seen its fair share of strong storms — 2017’s Hurricane Irma reached a maximum sustained wind speed of 185 mph, making it the strongest storm outside the Caribbean and the Gulf of Mexico.

The categories on the Saffir-Simpson Hurricane Scale are determined based on wind speed and storm surge, but that’s not the only element of a hurricane that causes damage. Flooding, a metric those categories don’t take into account, can often become a costly problem, as seen when Hurricane Harvey flooded parts of Texas and Louisiana in 2017.

To put big storms into perspective, here are 11 hurricanes that topped the charts as the strongest in the history of the Atlantic Ocean, based on wind speed and pressure.

SEE ALSO: The ‘extremely active’ 2017 hurricane season is finally over — here are the insane records it set

DON’T MISS: The 16 most destructive hurricanes in US history

Hurricane Katrina, 2005 – 175 mph

Hurricane Katrina intensified to a Category 5 with winds up to 175 mph in the Gulf of Mexico, before striking Louisiana as a Category 3 storm. Katrina was the third deadliest hurricane in US history, with more than 1,200 deaths. It caused $108 billion in damage, making it costliest hurricane the country has ever seen.

Hurricane Andrew, 1992 – 175 mph

About 25 years ago, the Category 5 Hurricane Andrew ripped through Florida with 175-mph winds, leaving millions without power and many neighborhoods completely destroyed. The response was so problematic that it led to major changes within the Federal Emergency Management Agency, according to …read more

Source:: Business Insider

      

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